Learning a new programming language is a great strategy for any career-minded developer. But with so many to choose from, ranging from programming staples to ultra-niche, which one should you learn?
Here are six of the most promising new languages that show potential for high demand in the near future.
Opa: A unified, secure web app developer
Traditional web app creation involves three database components — browser-side, server-side, and backend — that are usually written in three different languages, and then connected together. Opa streamlines this process by allowing you to write the entire application within the Opa framework. A compiler automates client and server code creation, and also builds the communication structure to bridge them.
Scala: High flexibility for existing environments
While it’s not especially “new,” since it was introduced in 2003, business interest in Scala is currently on the rise. Scala is short for “scalable language,” and the platform is designed for easy use with any size project, from tiny programs to large-scale enterprise applications.
Developers enjoy using Scala because of its flexibility, ease of use, and high concurrency, while organizations are keen on its inter-operational capacities. Scala is compatible with Java and JVMs, as well as the Android platform. It also works with popular integrated development environments (IDEs) like NetBeans, Eclipse, and IntelliJ, as well as frameworks like Hibernate and Spring.
Erlang: Streamlining concurrency
Similar to Scala in that it’s not particularly new (the language was released in 1986 and open sourced in 1998), but it’s experiencing a rise in interest, Erlang is primarily designed to build large-scale applications with high availability. Some of the desirable features of this language include concurrency with popular platforms and environments, language-level features that help simplify concurrent programming, and hot swapping that enables code modification or updating without shutdown.
Two of the biggest names in technology analytics and research — Mark Driver of Gartner and Jeffrey Hammond of Forrester — have suggested that Erlang is likely to proliferate rapidly in the near future.
Go: The language of the cloud
This language, also known as Golang, has a fairly influential backer: Google. An open source, traditional language that’s similar to C, Go was written expressly for use in the cloud and includes built-in features like concurrency and garbage collection. It’s also a fast language, able to compile large applications on a single computer in just a few seconds.
As a programming language, Go has a steep learning curve. But it’s already been used to write well-known projects like Docker and Force.com, and interest in developers who can use Go is fairly high and increasing.
Ceylon: The modular Java
While Ceylon is based on Java, it was designed to kill the popular programming language. Ceylon was developed specifically to enable teams to write large programs, so one of its key features is modularity. The language organizes code into modules and packages, and then compiles it to module archives, which are published in a central repository.
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